Integrating Gender in Medical Education

September is Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month. Ovarian Cancer is one of the most deadly of women's cancers. Each year, approximately 21,980 women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer. It is estimated by the World Health Organization IARC department that there are over 238,000 new cases diagnosed annually and nearly 152,000 deaths worldwide.

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Patient Perspectives on Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women. Research has shown that being treated by a gynecologic oncologist and receiving standard-of-care treatment (currently, surgery followed by six rounds of chemotherapy) increases a womanbs chances of survival, yet a study released this March found that most women with ovarian cancer are not receiving such treatment. Dr.Robert Bristow and his colleagues examined the records of 13,321 patients treated for epithelial ovarian cancer between 1999 and 2006. They found that just 37.2% received care that adhered to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines. Find out more →


Gender-Related Cancers
Among the many diseases (about 100) which make up the bcancerb family, a number are said to be bgender relatedb. That is, they either affect women or men, due to their origin or localisation on the genital organs, or their link with bsecondary sexual characteristicsb. These include breast, cervical and ovarian cancers, in the case of women, and prostate and testicular cancers in the case of men. Despite this progress, gender-related cancers remain a major public health issue in Europe, with high levels of both incidence and morbidity. In 2004, 275 100 women in the enlarged European Union contracted breast cancer, 88 400 of whom died of it, making breast cancer the most common cause of death among women aged between 35 and 55. Find out more →


Gender Differences in Educational Aspirations and Attitudes
The study uses the data from the youth component of the British Household Panel Survey to examine gender differences in educational attitudes and aspirations among 11-15 year olds. While girls have more positive aspirations and attitudes than boys, the impacts of gender on childrenbs attitudes and aspirations vary significantly with parental education level, parental attitudes to education, childbs age and the indirect cost of education. Boys are more responsive than girls to positive parental characteristics, while educational attitudes and aspirations of boys deteriorate at a younger age than those of girls. These findings have implications for policies designed to reduce educational attainment differences between boys and girls as they identify factors which exacerbate the educational disadvantage of boys relative to girls. Find out more →


Are Women Over investing in Education? Evidence from the Medical Profession
The study examines whether becoming a physician is a positive net-present-value investment for women. Some issues are sidestep on the selection issues associated with measuring the returns to education by comparing physicians to physician assistants, a similar profession with lower wages but much lower up-front training costs. The papers finds that the median female (but not male) primary-care physician would have been financially better off becoming a physician assistant. This result is partially due to a gender-wage gap in medicine. Find out more →


Ovarian Cancer 2014 Report - Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer in women (and the 18th most common cancer overall) worldwide. Approximately 239 000 cases were recorded in 2012, accounting for nearly 4 per cent of all new cases of cancer in women (2 per cent overall). This cancer is usually fatal, and is the eighth most common cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Find out more →


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