Integrating Gender in Medical Education

Gender differences in health and illness are due to biological, psychological, social, cultural and political factors. Doctors’ awareness of these issues aims toward better health for men and women and contributes to equity and equality in health. Implementing a gender perspective in medical education would results in more gender awareness among future doctors. In this series of newsletter we are aiming to increase awareness about the need for a gender sensitive medical education, which would help the medical students to gain more knowledge about the gender issues in medicine.

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 Gender in Medical Education
Evaluating Sex and Gender Competencies in the Medical Curriculum: A Case Study 
Sex and gender differences exist in the manifestation and prevalence of many conditions and diseases. Yet many clinician training programs neglect to integrate this information across their curricula. This study aimed to measure the sex and gender medical knowledge of medical students enrolled in a program without an explicit directive to integrate sex and gender differences across a block system of core subjects. Find out more →

Embedding Concepts of Sex and Gender Health Differences into Medical Curriculum 
Sex, a biological variable, and gender, a cultural variable, define the individual and affect all aspects of disease prevention, development, diagnosis, progression, and treatment. Sex and gender are essential elements of individualized medicine. However, medical education rarely considers such topics beyond the physiology of reproduction. To reduce health care disparities and to provide optimal, cost-effective medical care for individuals, Find out more →

 Gender in Medical Research
Sex- and Gender-Based Medicine: A Challenging Field of Research 
Gender Medicine is a new challenge field of research which arouse increasing public interest and is going to affect more and more clinical practice. There is increasing evidence of gender related differences in risk factor , clinical manifestation and sequelae of disease and increasing knowledge that prevention, detection and therapy of illness affect men and women differently. Find out more →

Sex and Gender Matter in Health Research: Addressing Health Inequities in Health Research Reporting
Attention to the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ is increasingly being recognized as contributing to better science through an augmented understanding of how these factors impact on health inequities and related health outcomes. However, the ongoing lack of conceptual clarity in how sex and gender constructs are used in both the design and reporting of health research studies remains problematic. Find out more →

 Gender and Emergency Medicine
Inclusion of Gender in Emergency Medicine Research 
Emergency physicians as front-line clinical specialists can directly advance patient care by understanding how gender-specific approaches may affect evaluation and management of diseases in the acute setting. Yet, it is unclear whether the role of gender is systematically examined in research focusing on emergency care. The objective was to determine if the effect of gender on health outcomes is examined in published studies targeting emergency medicine (EM). Find out more →

Gender-specific Emergency Medicine Research: Overview and Opportunities
Sex and gender are now known to be critical variables that affect health and illness. There is a need for investigations that analyze data according to sex and gender as this may affect patient outcomes and thereby change clinical practice. In this brief 30-minute video presentation, it reviews the effect that sex- and gender-specific research has had on the field of emergency medicine (EM) and present concrete examples of current EM literature that methodically study how sex and gender affect patient presentation, management, and outcomes for acute conditions common to our specialty. Find out more →

 Gender and Clinical Medicine
Sex and Gender Differences in Clinical Medicine 
Sex and gender differences in frequent diseases are more widespread than one may assume. In addition, they have significant yet frequently underestimated consequences on the daily practice of medicine, on outcomes and effects of therapies. Gender medicine is a novel medical discipline that takes into account the effects of sex and gender on the health of women and men. The major goal is to improve health and health care for both, for women as well as for men. Find out more →

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine 
This book is a concise, easy to read professional text with a focus on practical aspects. All chapters include tables on sex/gender differences in symptoms and management and a series of suggestions to the novice in the field. Chapters are specialty-specific. The focus is not on women’s health, but the presentation of differences in clinical symptoms, management and outcomes in women and men. Gender Medicine strives to employ the knowledge about these differences to improve diagnosis, better understand pathogenesis and advance patient-oriented therapy. Find out more →

 Transgender and Medicine
Health Care Providers' Comfort With and Barriers to Care of Transgender Youth 
This paper aims to explore providers' clinical experiences, comfort, and confidence with and barriers to providing care to transgender youth. This study suggests that more training in transgender-related care, available qualified mental health providers, and insurance reimbursement for transgender-related care are needed. Find out more →

Assessing Access to Care for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming People: A Consideration of Diversity in Combating Discrimination 
Transgender and gender nonconforming people face stigma and discrimination from a wide variety of sources and through numerous social realms. Stigma and discrimination originating from biomedicine and health care provision may impact this group's access to primary care. Such stigma and discrimination may originate not only from direct events and past negative experiences, but also through medicine's role in providing treatments of transitioning, the development of formal diagnoses to provide access to such treatments, and the medical language used to describe this diverse group. Find out more →


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