Research Papers

Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Cervical Screening and Cervical Cancer

Royal College of Nursing | June, 01 , 2018
Royal College of Nursing | Download (9)
Worldwide, cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death from cancer in women; most deaths occur in low to middle income countries (WHO, 2014a). However, cervical cancer is, generally, a preventable disease. The primary cause of cervical abnormalities and cancer is persistent or chronic infection with one or more of the high-risk (oncogenic) types of human papillomavirus (HPV). In most women and men who become infected with HPV, these infections will resolve spontaneously (without treatment). However, for a minority of women, the infection leads to abnormal/pre-cancerous changes to the cervix, which, if not treated, may progress to cancer 10 to 20 years later (WHO, 2007). Both understanding and identifying HPV are important public health concerns and form part of the UK National Screening Programme (DH, 2018).

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